An itinerary on the footsteps of the epic enterprise of the most famous Carthaginian historical character, born in 2008 in collaboration with the UNESCO Unitwin Network “Culture, Tourism, Development”, the Hannibal Pathway is an intercultural lab on training, culture and development of Mediterranean territories based on the valorisation of intangible heritage and historical memory.
Since it is based on intangible heritage, it is an innovative route: the re-enactment of military events through the testimonies of the historians of the past and the scientific reconstructions of contemporary historians. Through an international network of pilot centres on the heritage pedagogy in four countries (Spain, France, Italy and Tunisia), the Hannibal Path is an ideal lab on the studies of heritage promotion through a creative fruition of cultural and historical landscape.
In Italy, the path passes through Umbria, in Tuoro sul Trasimeno, where the International Coordination Centre for the Hannibal Pathway inaugurated on June, 21 2010 is based and where you can find the “Historical Archaeological Route of the Battle of Trasimeno” that cover about 14km in the north-west valley of the lake, between the hills and the rivers of the Trasimeno. The visitors are guided by 13 theme stations linked to the significant moments of the battle and to different subjects of an in-depth analysis: from the historical-military ones, to the historical and archaeological geographic ones. General texts let the visitor follow the battle’s story step by step, from the very beginning to the final epilogue; detailed captions in four different languages allow the visitor to examine in depth the subject.
Other stops of Hannibal Pathway in Italy are Rimini, in Emilia-Romagna, the historical point of departure of the roman troops led by Consul Servilius to Trasimeno; Montemaggiore sul Metauro, in Marche, location of the famous battle of Metauro of 207 BC between the Romans and the Carthaginian troops who came to the rescue of Hannibal and then were severely defeated. The pathway continues in Campania, Santa Maria Capua Vetere, the ancient Capua, to whom the notorious “Hannibal’s idleness” are associated; in Puglia, Barletta, where the archaeological site of Canne recalls what is undoubtedly the biggest battle of the Second Punic War; finally, in Calabria, Crotone, where in 204 BC the battle between the Carthaginian army of Hannibal and the Roman army led by Publius Sempronius Tuditanus took place.