Route of the Sea and the Ancient Mediterranean: Phoenicians and Greeks in Sicily

Throughout its history, Sicily, situated between the routes that for thousands of years have intersected  the Mediterranean, according to the language of myth used by Homer, has seen alternating periods and a lot of  different rulers, from  the Phoenicians and Greeks to the Romans, from the Byzantines to the Arabs, from the Normans to the Spanish: each of these peoples, enchanted by the resources of the place, has left to the island something that helped to create a varied and complex region.

The sites of the Landscape routes,  which  are proposed, are already part of the archaeological and cultural circuit of Sicily. The invitation is to go beyond the archaeological and historical traces and to discover the cultural landscape in its broadest sense, able to offer a lot of  emotions, unique experiences made of images and atmospheres.

On the slopes of Monte Catalfano, the ruins of the town of Solunto, founded by  Phoenicians, they  occupy a site of great beauty, with panoramic view on the sea. Not to be missed there is also the nearby bay of Sant’Elia, a natural breathtaking  cove .

Archaeological area and Antiquarium of Solunto

The richest and most important Phoenician colony in Sicily and in the Mediterranean is Motya, a lovely little island, with a strategic geographical position, which has always been an ideal place for the exchange of goods. In addition to the significant archaeological finds, Mozia also offers a unique landscape. The shallow waters of the lagoon, create  natural pools, with transparent and clear water, all around there are  salt pans.

Isle of Mozia
Historical jetty Arini and  Pugliese

On the  slopes of Mount  Barbaro, among the green hills of the hinterland of Castellammare del Golfo, there are the ruins of the ancient capital city of the Elymians, according to legend founded by refugees frosegesta-300x200m Troy. The city, for historical reasons, in constant conflict with the nearby Selinunte, preserves a Doric temple that, solemn and isolated,  still stands intact and, at the top of the mountain, there are the remains of a well preserved theatre dating back to the 3rd century BC. It  is a unique landscape.

Segesta archaeological site

In the municipality of Castelvetrano there is  the largest Archaeological Park of  Europe. On the Acropolis and in the religious sites of the Malophoros and the  Eastern Hill vestiges of a large intact urban city. The area documentsthe clash beselinunte_foto-aerea-300x200tween the Greek and Phoenician culture. Today, in an incomparable atmosphere, there are colossal ruins of temples in the purest Doric style.

Archaeological Park of Selinunte and Cave di Cusa


On the top  of Mount Adranon, just north of the modern town of Sambuca di Sicilia – elected one of the most beautiful village in Italy, there are scattered the ruins of the Greek town  of Adranon, founded by the Selinuntinians  in the 6th century BC. In a context with a particular charm,  it is possible to  admire the remains of the imposing walls (about 5 Km long)  which enclose  dwellings, workshops, cisterns, farms, necropolises, sacred areas and an Acropolis on the top of the mountain.

Archaeological area of Adranon

The Archaeological and landscape Park of the Valley of the temples in Agrigento, since 1997 a UNESCO World Heritage site, in an area of almost 1300 hectares ,  keeps beautiful and valuabimage28-300x202le evidence of the Greek and Roman city in a unique landscape.

Archaeological Park of the Valley of the temples



On the southeastern coast of Sicily, partly extended on the mainland and partly on the island of Ortigia ,there  is located the city of Syracuse. Inside the Archaeological Park of Neapolis, there are  the remains of the Greek and Roman civilization which are among the most important and best preserved in the Mediterranean.  Syracuse is  a UNESCO World Heritage site, too. siracusa-300x169

Archaeological area of Neapolis


Situated on a ledge stretching out to  the Ionian coast, at the foot of Mount  Tauro, Taormina is the most  known place in Sicily.  Spectacular because of its location,  symbol of the city and one of the most famous monuments in the world, is the Greek Theatre. From the bleachers, carved on the hillside,  it offers a view  towards Giardini Naxos and the Etna.

Ancient Theatre  Taormina

The ancient Tyndaris was one of the last Greek colonies in Sicily, founded by Syracuse in 396 BC, when the Roman expansion was already facing the Mediterranean. A visit to the excavations is particularly interesting both for the monumental aspect and for the many details that allow to observe some aspects of daily life of the ancient city.

Archaeological area Ancient theatre and  Antiquarium of Tindari